Poverty and Conservation

The nature of the relationships between poverty and conservation were hotly debated around the time of the World Parks Congress in 2003 and continue to exercise much attention. As part of the work of the Poverty and Conservation Working Group I joined a number of colleagues in helping Bill Adams publish his ideas in a well received Science paper on the topic. Bill, of course, did not really need much help but he generously let us join the authorship. A number of subsequent publications have also made contributions to that debate since then. The full list of papers relevant to this topic is:

Adams, W.M., Aveling, R., Brockington, D., Dickson, B., Elliott, J., Hutton, J., Roe, R., Vira, B., and Wolmer, W. 2004. ‘Conservation and Poverty: A Framework for Analysis’ Science 306: 1146-9. PDF

Brockington, D. and Schmidt-Soltau, K. 2004. ‘The social and environmental impacts of wilderness and development.’ Oryx 38: 1-3. PDF

Brockington, D., Igoe, J. and K. Schmidt-Soltau, K. 2006. Conservation, Human Rights, and Poverty Reduction. Conservation Biology 20 (1): 250-2. PDF

Brockington, D. and Igoe, J. 2006. ‘Eviction for Conservation. A Global Overview.’ Conservation and Society 4 (3): 424-70  Link PDF

West, P., Igoe, J. and Brockington, D. 2006. ‘Parks and Peoples:  The Social Impact of Protected Areas.’ Annual Review of Anthropology 35: 251-77. PDF

West, P. and Brockington, D. 2006. ‘An Anthropological Perspective on Some Unexpected Consequences of Protected Areas.’ Conservation Biology 20 (3): 609-616. PDF

More recent contributions to this topic include:

Holmes, G., Ferguson, B. and Brockington, D. 2012. ‘Protected areas – what people say about well being.’ Chapter in D. Roe, J.Elliot and Matt Walpole (ed) Linking Biodiversity Conservation and Poverty Reduction. Wiley Earthscan, Oxford PDF

Duffy, R., St John, F., Büscher, B. and Brockington, D. 2015. ‘Toward a new understanding of the links between poverty and illegal wildlife hunting.’ Conservation Biology 30 (1): 14-22. PDF

Duffy, R., St John, F., Büscher, B. and Brockington, D. 2015. The militarization of anti-poaching: Undermining long term goals? Environmental Conservation 42 (4): 345-348. PDF

Brockington, D and Wilkie, D. 2015. Protected areas and poverty. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B 370: 20140271. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2014.0271 PDF

Büscher, B., Fletcher, R., Brockington, D., Sandbrook, C.S., Adams, W.M., Campbell, L., Corson, C., Dressler, W., Duffy, R., Gray, N., Holmes, G., Kelly, A., Lunstrum, E., Ramutsindela, M. and Shanker, K. 2017. Half-Earth or Whole Earth? Radical ideas for conservation, and their implications. Oryx 51 (3): 407-410. PDF

Zafra-Calvo, N., Pascual, U., Brockington, D., Coolsaet, B., Cortes-Vazquez, J.A., Gross-Camp, N., Palomo, I. and Burgess, N.D. 2017 Towards an indicator system to assess equitable management in protected areas. Biological Conservation 211: 134–141 PDF